Research

lecture in the college of business
Research at FDU
Great emphasis is placed on research and related activities, independent study and inquiry and action projects and employment as means of developing abilities.
Research

The variety, scope and incidence of research and related scholarly activity within the University continue to increase. Usually research carried out by the faculty combines the inquiry for new knowledge with the education of students at the graduate and undergraduate levels.

Faculty research grants support research-related activities and travel. Government and industry, in addition to the University, support and sponsor University research activities. Research and educational development activity is found in all academic disciplines.

Summary of Government Active Grant Awards

PI/PD Name: Hansbrough, Tiffany

Department/School: Department/Management and Marketing, Silberman College of Business

Project Title: Episodic and Semantic Memory Effects on Leadership Measurement and Prediction of Leadership Outcomes

Sponsoring Agency: U.S. Army Research Institute for Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI)

Project Period: 01/15/2018 – 12/31/21 (Includes No-cost Extension)

Current Award: $71,240

Total Award: $145,136 (includes $48,734 in indirect costs)

Abstract

The measurement of leadership is integral to the understanding of leadership processes and leader development. However, predominate approaches rely on retrospective subordinate reports to measure leader behavior, which overlooks rater memory processes as well as other rater effects that may bias leadership ratings. Our research program builds on theory grounded in cognitive psychology to address this deficiency by investigating ways to improve measurement that focus on rater memory processes as they impact memory for, and ratings of, leadership.

We propose a series of four studies that center on the following objectives a) further advance the understanding of rater memory systems; b) develop a theory of measurement that incorporates the rater into the process; c) develop recommendations and strategies to improve the accuracy of leadership measurement; and d) develop a prototype leadership scale based on our theory of measurement. The proposed studies will include criterion measures based on signal detection theory that pertain to accurate recall as well as many measures that may predict future effects of leadership, as suggested by recent reviews of mediational processes in leadership. Moreover, the proposed methodology herein includes a wide variety of novel state-of-the-science approaches.

An expected outcome of this focus on rater memory processes is a greater understanding of what leadership scales actually access and a prototype of a better scale. Ultimately, this understanding will serve as the foundation for the US Army to develop leadership scales to better support leader development through improved assessment measures.

 

PI/PD Name: Hansbrough, Tiffany (Florham Campus) NEW 

Department/School: Department/Management and Marketing, Silberman College of Business

Project Title: The Role of Memory Systems in 360-Degree Feedback: Promoting Greater Inter-rater Agreement

Sponsoring Agency: U.S. Army Research Institute for Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI)/Va Tech

Project Period: 01/01/2020 – 12/31/2022

Current Request: $40,435 (including $12,891 indirect costs)

Cost Share: $0

Abstract

Our proposed research builds on the foundation of a series of studies in our ARI grant W911NF-18-1-0049 Episodic and Semantic Memory Effects on Leadership Measurement and Prediction of Leadership Outcomes, and extends it specifically to leader development. This topic is of strategic importance because the U.S. Army must develop and grow the best possible leaders to meet the challenges of the global security environment of the 21st century.Our proposal will investigate if one key to improving the quality of 360-degree feedback centers on the actual items used in these assessments. Of all the leader development interventions, 360-degree feedback has received the most research attention (McCauley, 2008).  Inter-rater agreement, and self-other agreement in particular, has important human resource implications (Yammarino & Atwater, 1997). Yet the correlations between self and other ratings tend to be low. Moreover, Stiles, Hallenbeck and De Meuse (2007, p. 6) observe “an important factor that has been basically ignored is the content domain of the performance dimensions to be rated.” 

 

PI/PD Name: Khreisat, Laila NEW

Department/School: Department of Mathematics and Computer Science

Project Title: Project ASK: Applying Student Knowledge for Success in Cybersecurity and Data Science

Sponsoring Agency: National Science Foundation via a Partnership with Kean University

Project Period: 10/15/2021 – 09/30/2026

Total Award to FDU: $999,987 (Including $48,677 Indirect Costs)

Abstract

This S-STEM proposal will broaden the research of prior initiatives lead by Kean University by including the following institutions with similar student populations and an emphasis on Cybersecurity and Data Science, i.e. Fairleigh Dickinson University, Brookdale Community College, New Jersey Institute of Technology and Union County Community College.  The project will continue to innovate and share the recruiting and advising methods and lessons learned during prior S-STEM awards, particularly the importance of faculty advising, building a cohort community, and supporting professional development.  Best practices of the Computing Alliance for Hispanic Serving Institutions (CAHSI), an NSF INCLUDES Alliance, will be used for responding to the national need for cybersecurity and data science professionals, building a regional community of expertise and opportunity.

 

PI/PD Name: Khreisat, Laila  NEW

Department/School: Department of Mathematics and Computer Science

Project Title: Expanding Access to Computer Science Education: NJ DOE CS Hub

Sponsoring Agency: NJ DOE/Office of the Secretary of Higher Education (OSHE)

Project Period: 04/01/2021 – 08/31/2022

Total Award: $263,339 (No Indirect Costs)

Abstract

The CS Hub at FDU, in partnership with 6 LEAs, aims to expand equitable access for all K-12 students and participation in high-quality CS education via professional learning for educators, curricula development and promoting the expansion of CS activities at NJ schools, beyond the partnering LEAs. The project will target schools with significant populations of students underserved in CS, and will engage administrators, teachers, parents and other stakeholders in a partnership rooted in best practices and research. The project team brings together the expertise of CS faculty researchers focused on inclusive CS curriculum development and teacher preparation in STEM, an administrator, school of education faculty and school administrators.  The project will provide a framework to build a community of learners beyond the 17-month period. Stakeholders will be involved, including parents, community leaders and school administrators, to broaden their views on CS via school and community events. Our efforts will institutionalize CS education at partner schools by expanding access and instituting extracurricular activities.

 

PI/PD Name: Liu, Yaoqing, Ph.D.

Department/School: School of Computer Sciences and Engineering

Project Title: Network-wide Verification on IPv6 Forwarding Behaviors

Sponsoring Agency: Comcast (Transfer funding from Clarkson University)

Project Period: 06/1/20 – 12/31/21

Total Award: $37,990 (No Indirect Costs)

Abstract

IPv6 Internet traffic volume on the Internet has been growing significantly since the World IPv6 Launch Day in 2012. The global IPv6 adoption has been over 23% and more than 9 million domain names have deployed IPv6 [1]. Recently, IPv6 Segment Routing (SRv6) [2] has shown great potentials to facilitate the movement of IPv6 traffic in modern IP networks by its networking programming capabilities on IPv6 packets. Meanwhile, the global IPv6 forwarding table size has increased considerably to over 48K as of today [3]. During the period of fast IPv6 deployment, it is vitally important to verify the correctness of network-­‐wide IPv6 forwarding tables in real time as they evolve to larger scale. Particularly, network faults, including loops, black holes, and suboptimal routing, require substantial efforts to be mitigated and avoided. Our focus of this proposal is to quickly detect if there are loops and black holes among all IPv6 forwarding tables when they forward data packets to each other.

 

PI/PD Name: Liu, Yaoqing, Ph.D.

Department/School: School of Computer Sciences and Engineering

Project Title: Leveraging Biometrics and Smart Contracts to Control Access to IOTs

Sponsoring Agency: SRC-CiTER/Clarkson University Agreement

Project Period: 07/1/20– 12/31/21

Total Award: $33,825 (No Indirect Costs)

Abstract

Internet of Things (IoT) security breaches have been dominating the spotlights. Many IoT attacks, e.g., Mirai DDoS attacks, have caused considerable loss to innocent individuals and organizations. This work proposes to leverage biometrics and smart contracts to control access to IoT. Specifically, biometrics authentication first needs to be available in a smart device. Second, the IoT owner registers the smart device, IoT devices and gateway to a blockchain service, e.g., Ethereum, through a smart contact, which defines who can access the IoT devices and with a deposit of cryptocurrency. An attacker first needs to communicate with the gateway, which will contact the smart contract for verification of the attacker’s credentials. The smart contract ensures that the deposit of a malicious user will be forfeited to the owner, if the verification fails during the biometric authentication process at the smart device. This solution leverages biometrics to enable high-level IoT security to benefit the IoT owner and meanwhile enforces a high penalty to deter adversarial users.

 

PI/PD Name: Liu, Yaoqing, Ph.D.

Department/School: School of Computer Sciences and Engineering

Project Title: Enabling Identity Assurance and Anti-Spoofing Capabilities for Non-Person

Entities in a Mobile Mesh Network via an Information Centric Approach

Sponsoring Agency: NSF-CiTER/Clarkson University Sub-Award Project Period:

Project Period: 7/1/20 – 12/31/21

Total Award: $40,000 (No Indirect Costs)

Abstract

Many Non-Person Entities (NPE), e.g., drones for first response, used in DHS missions are operating in a low power, low bandwidth and computing resource constrained networking environment. These NPE periodically collect critical information to first responders or base station, thus the NPE need to assure their identities with strong anti-spoofing capabilities. To this end, this research proposes to use a new information centric approach to achieve the goal. More specifically, data chunks in the network are identified by names, e.g., /clarkson/citer/biometrics, instead of locations, e.g., IP addresses. This way, first responders just need to express their interests with “what” without knowing “where” to retrieve the content they need. When a NPE generates the data, it signs the data via a pre-allocated public/private key pair by the first responder. Wherever the data is carried, any other entities can check its authenticity by verifying its signature. Unlike traditional approaches, which secure the communication channel between a sender and a receiver, e.g., SSH, this approach secures the data itself. Moreover, this new approach features in-network caching and stateful forwarding, which are particularly important in a mobile and intermitted networking environment where data packets may be dropped frequently.

 

PI/PD Name: McClary, Marion

Department/School: School of Natural Sciences, University College

Project Title: Louis Stokes STEM Pathways and Research Alliance: Garden State LSAMP – Phase III

Sponsoring Agency: Rutgers University/The National Science Foundation

Project Period: 03/1/2019 – 02/29/2024

Total Award: $183,825 (no indirect costs)

Abstract

The Garden State LSAMP (GSLSAMP) has developed a system of adopting research-based best practices and experimenting with promising home-grown activities to best suit the target population in New Jersey. This approach has proven very successful and resulted in doubling of URM STEM graduates in just 4 years and a 167% increase in 9 years. The newly constituted GSLSAMP aims to 1) increase the number of URM graduates with STEM degrees by 20% over the next 5 years through unique recruitment and retention practices; 2) Integrate GSLSAMP efforts and proven best practices into institutional, local and regional efforts to encourage success in STEM areas; 3) Increase the number of inner city URM students from GSLSAMP institutions pursuing graduate education and international experiences by 15%; and 4) Develop a research-based model to encourage inner city URM students to pursue STEM careers that are appropriate to their interests and life goals.

FDU, under the leadership of Dr. McClary, will coordinate all site student STEM research opportunities in biology, biochemistry, chemistry, marine biology, physics, and general science.  He will engage STEM faculty, recruit URM graduate mentors and undergraduate student mentees, utilize an agreement of commitment for each student, coordinate and document research assignments each semester, review interim and final research progress, and coordinate presentations at the GS-LAMP Annual Conference. He is responsible for the coordination of all interim and final progress reports to the Prime Institution. 

 

PI/PD Name: Mondal, Kalyan

      Co-PIs: Ravi Rao and Erdal Kose

Department/School: Gildart Haase School of Computer Sciences and Engineering

Project Title: Building a Sustainable Cyber Scholarship Pipeline through Outreach, Competition, Curriculum Development and Capacity Building

Sponsoring Agency: National Security Agency/Department of Defense

Project Period: 9/9/2019 – 12/30/2021 (includes 1-year NCE)

Total Award: Total Budget: $328,503 (incudes Indirect Costs of $61,869)

  1. a) Recruitment/Basic Scholarship: $178,541 (includes two scholarships and stipends of $139,936, travel $3,500 and indirect costs of $12,235.)
  2. b) Capacity Building: Subprojects A & B: $149,962 (includes IC $49,634)

Abstract

The Basic Scholarship proposal describes the process we adopted to advertise and recruit current eligible students from a large pool of CS, IT and Electrical Engineering majors. Further, faculty recruitment and evaluation committees diligently evaluated six different competencies of the applicants leading to rank ordering them with proper recommendations. For this proposal, we envisage improving our recruitment and retention process of cyber scholars by enhancing our existing outreach, admissions, and retention processes. The Outreach Coordinator will help the PI in identifying schools and community colleges for further outreach and the CSC in publicizing and managing the DoD CySP on both NJ campuses and providing support to the awardees.

The Capacity Building part of the proposal focuses on DoD partnerships, where we will provide FDU students and DoD partners with hands-on cyber opportunities. We will address the areas of faculty, lab and curriculum development. We chose two topic areas of interest, namely, number 7, “Security of Embedded Devices (vehicular, medical devices, etc.)” and number 3, “Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning” as applied to cybersecurity, described on page 22 of the solicitation. Therefore, the overall capacity building project is split into two sub-projects that will be pursued in parallel by the teams of PI-Rao and that of PI-Kose, respectively. The two sub-projects have a common thread of training students from both engineering and computing fields to gain hands-on experience, and increase awareness of potential security threats and vulnerabilities. Students will also apply and practice techniques to enhance the security of internet-enabled embedded devices by detecting and mitigating Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks with effective machine learning algorithms. These hands-on experiences will promote a better understanding of cyber career fields.

 

PI/PD Name: Mondal, Kalyan

Co/PIs: Ihab Darwish

Department/School: School of Computer Sciences and Engineering (Metro) and Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (Florham)

Project Title: Sustaining Cyber Scholarship Pipeline through Outreach, Competition, and Curriculum Development

Project Period: 09/01/20 – 12/30/21

Sponsoring Agency: Department of Defense

Total Funding Request: $335,322 covering the following (includes $91,819 in indirect costs)

  • $281,944 for Scholarships
  • $53,378 for Recruitment and Outreach

Abstract

The Basic Scholarship proposal describes the process we adopted to advertise and recruit current eligible students from a large pool of CS, IT and Electrical Engineering majors. FDU was awarded 4 (2 new and 2 returning) student scholarships after going through a rigorous process of recruitment and evaluation. The majority of applicants are sophomores with a good representation of women budding cyber defenders.

For Recruit and Outreach we plan to extend our Computing and Security Enrichment and Outreach Program (CSEOP) to a larger number of high school students and to help grow & sustain the “cyber student pipeline.” Also, we plan to introduce CMU picoCTF competitions into one of our CSEOP learning modules to kindle more cyber interest among the participants. We propose hiring two part-time Cyber Scholarship Student Assistants (CSSA) with technical and administrative skills to help organize competitions, cyber symposium, etc. in consultation with the faculty, PI Mondal, and co-PI Darwish. We plan to hold a Cyber Symposium in Fall 2020 where such a cyber-competition will be featured.  We will identify schools and community colleges for further outreach. PI Mondal and co-PI Darwish will be publicizing and managing the DoD CySP on both NJ campuses and providing support to the awardees.

 

PI/PD Name: Mondal, Kalyan – NEW

Co-PIs: Ihab Darwish

Department/School: Gildart Haase School of Computer Sciences and Engineering

Project Title: Growing a Sustainable Cyber Scholarship Pipeline through Outreach and Curriculum Enhancement

Sponsoring Agency: National Security Agency/Department of Defense

Project Period: 9/3/2021 – 12/31/2022

Total Award: Total Budget: $375,376 (includes $15,937 in indirect costs)

Abstract

The Basic Scholarship proposal describes the process we adopted to advertise and recruit current eligible students from a large pool of CS and IT majors. We will identify high schools to extend our Computing and Security Enrichment and Outreach Program (CSEOP) to greater numbers, and work with community colleges for further outreach and articulations. PI Mondal and co-PI Darwish will be publicizing and managing the DoD CySP on both NJ campuses and providing support to the student CySP Scholars.  

 

PI/PD Name: Raffaele-Mendez, Linda

Department/School: School of Psychology

Project Title: Building Supportive School Communities through Integrating Trauma-Informed Care and Tiered System of Mental Health Support

Sponsoring Agency: The US Department of Education via the Newark Public Schools District

Project Period: 10/1/2019 – 9/30/2024

Total Award: $833,079 (including $123,426 indirect costs)

Abstract

Overall, youth in the Newark Board of Education (NBOE) schools face many challenges, including poverty, violence, victimization, and trauma. Many live in environments where trauma and traumatic stress are part of everyday life. The NBOE will use this grant to develop six trauma-informed demonstration schools and provide tiered systems of mental health support to help children heal and be available for learning. Importantly, this initiative will bring more mental health service providers into the NBOE through a school mental health partnership with FDU, increasing the number of individuals who are able to provide evidence-based group and individual counseling and addressing the substantial shortage of school psychologists in districts like the NPS. This will allow many youth in Newark to access much needed mental health care within their own schools. For youth whose needs exceed the mental health care that can be delivered in schools, the district will collaborate with key community partners, including Rutgers UBHC and Robert Wood Johnson Barnabas Health, to provide access to mental health services for youth with the greatest levels of need.

 

PI/PD Name: Scorza, Jason

Department/School: Provost’s Office

Project Title: Diversifying Study Abroad by Increasing Participation of STEM Majors

Sponsoring Agency/Award: Department of State

Project Period: 07/06/2019 – 06/30/2021 – (NCE requested through 8/31/22)
Total Award: $34,980 ($3,180 Indirect Costs)

Cost Share: $17,456

Abstract: The main objective of this project is to diversify study abroad at FDU by increasing participation of underrepresented STEM students and expanding opportunities for them to study abroad in less frequently visited destinations. FDU will accomplish this by developing four new short-term faculty-led study abroad programs designed to meet the needs of STEM majors. These programs will be developed by teams of STEM faculty from four academic clusters; each will substantively incorporate a U.S. foreign policy priorities identified in the RFGP; and each will be hosted by an international partner in a country less frequently visited by FDU students.

 

PI/PD Name: Small, Gillian NEW

Co-PIs: Christian, Traba, Dale Caldwell and Craig Mourton

Department/School: Office of the University Provost

Project Title: Innovation Challenge Grant: Fostering Student Success and Safe and Inclusive Learning Interventions

Project Period: 7/1/2021 – 9/30/2023

Sponsoring Agency: New Jersey Office of the Secretary of Higher Education (NJ OSHE)

Total Funding Request: $1,395,777 (No Indirect Costs allowable)

Abstract

Our multi-intervention model in “Fostering Student Success” targets first-generation, PELL-eligible, and minority students from lower socioeconomic (SES) backgrounds, who are also those most impacted by the pandemic. This initiative aims to increase retention and graduation rates for these students and bring them to parity with peers from other groups through three interventions. First, students in the target populations will be invited to a free Bridge PLUS Program that will not only provide a “bridge” to college but will also provide them with a holistic support team from start to graduation; Bridge PLUS participants will also be eligible for free laptops, tablets, and WIFI devices for the duration of college. Second, advising, coaching, and peer mentoring initiatives will be implemented for all students in the target populations to help ensure they have the support they need to persist, succeed, and graduate. Third, we will implement a Customer Relations Management (CRM) system, Ellucian CRM Advise, which will enhance student outreach and services, as well as a student portal, Ellucian Experience, which will provide students with easy access to information regarding academic progress.

 

PI/PD Name: Traba, Christian

Department/School: Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Physics

Project Title: Antibiotic-Free Anti-Infection Polymer Brush Biocoatings

Sponsoring Agency: The National Institute of    (NIBIB/NIH)

Award No: R15 EB029710 AREA Grant

 Project Period: 9/15/2020 – 9/14/2023

Total Award: $366,593 (includes $66,593 in Indirect Costs)

Abstract

Each year there are over two million healthcare-associated infections as a result of indwelling device infections in the United States alone, from which approximately 99,000 people die. Antibiotic-resistant biofilms thus create numerous problems in both medical and biomedical applications and have profound negative implications for public health. To tackle this problem, “smart”, antibiotic-free, anti-infection polymer brush biocoatings (sPBBs), designed specifically for catheters have been developed. These smart biocoatings consist of ammonium polymer brushes that sense bacteria and biofilms and effectively target the infectious organisms discriminately, while promoting tissue cell growth. We propose that our anti-infection biocoatings may be the future for the prevention of medical and biomedical implant contaminations. Preliminary data suggest that sPBBs are efficacious for eradicating antibiotic-resistant, biofilm-forming bacteria including methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Escherichia coli on biomaterials used to make catheters, in vitro.

 

PI/PD Name: Woolley, Peter   NEW

Department/School: School of Public and Global Affairs

Sponsoring Agency: NJ Secretary of Higher Education (OSHE)

Project Title: Newark Campus Political Science Program

Project Period: 7/1/2021 – 6/30/2022

Total Award: $250,000 (inclusive of $18,519 in Indirect Costs)

Abstract

To provide community leadership and professional development programming as well as Masters degree options in Public Administration and Global Affairs, linking upcoming and aspiring leaders in the international city of Newark to students and professors at FDU’s campuses in Vancouver, BC and Oxfordshire, UK, approaching local problems and challenges as global ones, and global problems and challenges as local ones. The establishment of vibrant community leadership center to include regular leadership workshops, graduate degree courses, and undergraduate degree completion, all linked to an international student body.